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Fused (Fu) is a dominant mutation in mice resulting in the asymmetry and fusion of tail vertebrae in heterozygotes. Fu/Fu homozygotes are often viable and can exhibit a duplication of the terminal tail vertebrae resulting in bifurcated tails. There are two more severe alleles at Fu, Kinky (FuKi) and Knobbly (FuKb), which die between 9 and 10 days of gestation as homozygotes, exhibiting a duplication of the embryonic axis, leading to incomplete or complete twinning. To define the precise map position of the FuKi mutation on mouse Chromosome 17, a 983-animal (FuKi tf x Mus spretus)F1 x +tf/+tf interspecific backcross was generated and scored for FuKi, another tightly linked visible marker tufted (tf), and five linked molecular loci, D17MIT18, D17Leh54, D17Aus57, Hba-ps4, and Pim1. The order and genetic distances between the markers were determined to be centromere-D17MIT18-5.79 cM-D17Leh54-0.85 cM-D17Pri6-0.12 cM-D17Pri7-0.12 cM-Hba-ps4-1.20 cM-D17Pri8-0.48 cM-tf-2.05 cM-Pim1. The FuKi gene could not be genetically separated from three molecular markers, D17Pri6, D17Pri7, and Hba-ps4. Yeast artificial chromosome clones that contain these tightly linked markers have been isolated to form a contig that contains FuKi. Recombination breakpoints generated through the interspecies backcross were mapped onto the contig and demonstrate that recombination in this region is not random.

Citation

J M Rossi, H Chen, S M Tilghman. Genetic map of the fused locus on mouse chromosome 17. Genomics. 1994 Sep 1;23(1):178-84

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PMID: 7829069

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