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The region of the genome of Mycoplasma capricolum encompassing the gene (ptsH) encoding HPr, a general energy-coupling protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system, was cloned and sequenced. Examination of the sequence revealed a unique arrangement of the ptsH gene. In all other bacterial species characterized thus far, the ptsH gene is part of a polycistronic operon that includes the gene (ptsI) encoding Enzyme I of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system; the M. capricolum ptsH gene is part of a monocistronic operon that is situated between two open reading frames unrelated to phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system function. The gene immediately upstream of ptsH codes for a helicase, and the open reading frame immediately downstream of ptsH, although not homologous to any previously identified protein, contains a signature sequence characteristic of [C-5] cytosine-specific DNA methylases. The product of the ptsH gene has characteristics similar to the HPr protein produced by Gram-positive organisms: it has a greater sequence similarity to HPrs of Gram-positive bacteria than to those of Gram-negative organisms, it is phosphorylated by a protein kinase derived from Gram-positive organisms, and it complements sugar phosphorylation activity in Gram-positive extracts. The high calculated isoelectric point (pI = 9.18) and the absence of glutamate residues in the C-terminal region distinguish the M. capricolum HPr from all previously described HPrs.

Citation

P P Zhu, J Reizer, A Reizer, A Peterkofsky. Unique monocistronic operon (ptsH) in Mycoplasma capricolum encoding the phosphocarrier protein, HPr, of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system. Cloning, sequencing, and characterization of ptsH. The Journal of biological chemistry. 1993 Dec 15;268(35):26531-40

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PMID: 8253782

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