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A ganglioside preparation containing two structurally related minor gangliosides (Gg 1 + 2) was isolated from bovine brain ganglioside mixture and characterized. Treatment of 50 g ganglioside mixture with Clostridium perfrigens sialidase, followed by chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose and silica gel columns, yielded 20 mg Gg 1 + 2. By chemical analyses, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, enzymic hydrolyses using human beta-hexosaminidase A and clostridial sialidase, and TLC overlay with the conjugated cholera toxin B subunit, the two novel gangliosides Gg 1 and Gg 2 were identified to be: Gg 1, GalNAc-GD1a(Neu5Ac/Neu5Gc), beta-GalNAc-(1-4)-[alpha-Neu5Ac-(2-3)]-beta- Gal-(1-3)-beta-GalNAc-(1-4)-[alpha-Neu5Gc-(2-3)]-beta-Gal-(1-4)-be ta- Glc-(1-1)-Cer; Gg 2, GalNAc-GD1a(Neu5Gc/Neu5Ac), beta-GalNAc-(1-4)-[alpha-Neu5Gc-(2-3)]- beta-Gal-(1-3)-beta-GalNAc-(1-4)-[alpha-Neu5Ac-(2-3)]-beta-Gal-(1- 4)-beta- Glc-(1-1)-Cer. These two gangliosides contain the identical pentasaccharide backbone except that the substitution of the two sialic acids, Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc, are in the reversed position of the external and the internal Gal residues. Our analyses showed that the content of Gg 1 and Gg 2 were approximately 0.12% and 0.08%, respectively, of the total brain ganglioside mixture.


R Casellato, P Brocca, S C Li, Y T Li, S Sonnino. Isolation and structural characterization of N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic-acid-containing GalNAc-GD1a isomers, IV4GalNAcIV3Neu5AcII3Neu5GcGgOse4Cer and IV4GalNAcIV3Neu5GcII3Neu5AcGgOse4Cer, from bovine brain. European journal of biochemistry / FEBS. 1995 Dec 15;234(3):786-93

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PMID: 8575436

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