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Several studies have suggested that polyamines modulate the interaction of glycine with the NMDA receptor. We have further investigated the effects of polyamines using the NMDA receptor glycine site antagonist [(E)-3-(2-phenyl-2-carboxyethenyl)-4,6-dichloro-1H-indole-2-carbox ylic acid] ([3H]MDL 105,519). [3H]MDL 105,519 binding assays were performed using well washed membranes prepared from frozen rat brains. The polyamines spermine and spermidine increased the fraction of non-specific binding (determined by the addition of 1 mM glycine) in the [3H]MDL 105,519 binding assay from 40-60% when spermine or spermidine concentration was increased from 1 to 100 microM. Polyamine agonists spermine, spermidine and 1,5-(diethylamino)piperidine (30 microM) did not have a significant effect on displacement of [3H]MDL 105,519 binding by glycine or glycine site antagonists. Similarly, the polyamine antagonist arcaine did not have a significant effect on displacement of [3H]MDL 105,519 binding by glycine or glycine site antagonists. However, spermidine significantly depressed the potency of MDL 105,519 in displacing [3H]dizocilpine binding. These data suggest that [3H]MDL 105,519 may preferentially bind to a polyamine insensitive form of the NMDA receptor.

Citation

T A Sharma, I J Reynolds. Complex polyamine effects on [3H]MDL 105,519 binding to the NMDA receptor glycine site. Neurochemistry international. 1998 Aug;33(2):155-9

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PMID: 9761459

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