Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

CpG oligodeoxunucleotide (ODN) plays an important role in immune cell function. The present study examined whether temporal control of toll-like receptor (TLR)-9 by CpG ODN can regulate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). CpG ODN induced the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and the expression of TNF receptor (TNFR)-II, but not of TNFR-I, in a time-dependent manner and stimulated significant, though delayed, MMP-9 expression. The endosomal acidification inhibitors, chloroquine or bafilomycin A, inhibited CpG ODN-induced TNF-alpha, TNFR-II, and MMP-9 expression. CpG ODN induced the phosphorylation of Akt, and the inhibition of Akt by LY294002 suppressed CpG ODN-induced TNF-alpha, TNFR-II, and MMP-9 expressions. Moreover, neutralizing TNF-alpha antibody significantly suppressed CpG ODN-induced MMP-9 expression, suggesting the involvement of TNF-alpha. These observations suggest that CpG ODN may play important roles in macrophage activation by regulating the expression of MMP-9 via a TLR-9/Akt/TNF-alpha-dependent signaling pathway.


Eun-Jung Lim, Sun-Hye Lee, Jin-Gu Lee, Byung-Ro Chin, Yoe-Sik Bae, Jae-Ryong Kim, Chu-Hee Lee, Suk-Hwan Baek. Activation of toll-like receptor-9 induces matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression through Akt and tumor necrosis factor-alpha signaling. FEBS letters. 2006 Aug 7;580(18):4533-8

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 16870179

View Full Text