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The aim of this study was to further validate our carrageenan-induced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammatory hyperalgesia model in rats by showing that administration of indomethacin before the initiation of inflammation would diminish the TMJ hyperalgesia. Using this model, we investigated whether norepinephrine and local beta-adrenoceptors contribute to the development of inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia. Carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia was assessed by measuring the behavioral nociceptive responses, such as rubbing the orofacial region and flinching the head, induced by the injection of a low dose of 5-hydroxytryptamine into the TMJ sensitized 1 h before by a TMJ injection of carrageenan. Blockade of prostaglandin synthesis by indomethacin prior to initiation of inflammation by carrageenan significantly attenuated the TMJ hyperalgesia. The guanethidine depletion of norepinephrine or the blockade of beta(2)but not the blockade of the beta(1)-adrenoceptor by the selective adrenoceptor antagonists ICI 118.55 and atenolol, respectively, significantly reduced carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia. In the present study, we further validated our carrageenan-induced TMJ hyperalgesia model to study the mechanisms involved in inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia and to test the analgesic effect of different types of peripheral analgesics. We also demonstrated that norepinephrine released at the site of injury contributes to the development of the inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia by the activation of beta(2)-adrenoceptors. The findings that local sympathomimetic amines contribute to the inflammatory TMJ hyperalgesia by activating beta(2)-adrenoceptors may be relevant to clinical TMJ inflammatory pain states less sensitive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


Luciane Lacerda Franco Rocha Rodrigues, Maria Cláudia Gonçalves Oliveira, Adriana Pelegrini-da-Silva, Maria Cecília Ferraz de Arruda Veiga, Carlos Amílcar Parada, Cláudia Herrera Tambeli. Peripheral sympathetic component of the temporomandibular joint inflammatory pain in rats. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society. 2006 Dec;7(12):929-36

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PMID: 17157779

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