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Apoptosis is one of the major characteristics of delayed neuronal degeneration in neuronal injury following cerebral ischemia. Hypoxia-induced apoptosis may be co-regulated by HIF-1alpha as well as many other factors. In recent years, numerous studies concerning panaxynol (PNN) have been reported. However, whether PNN can show anti-hypoxia properties is still unknown. In this study, the protective effects of PNN on OGD-induced neuronal apoptosis and potential mechanisms were investigated. Pretreatment of the cells with PNN for 24h following exposure to OGD resulted in a significant elevation of cell survival determined by MTT assay, LDH assay, Hoechst staining and flow cytometric assessment. In addition to enhancing the expression of HIF-1alpha, PNN also normalized the caspase-3 expression/activation and increased the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. In our study, the increased level of HIF-1alpha with decreased cellular apoptosis suggested an important role for HIF-1alpha in hypoxic neurons. These results indicated that the neuroprotective effects of PNN on hypoxic neurons were at least partly due to up-regulation of HIF-1alpha and raised the possibility that PNN might reduce neurodegenerative disorders and ischemic brain diseases.


Zhi-Hui Yang, Ke Sun, Zhong-Hong Yan, Wen-Hao Suo, Guo-Hui Fu, Yang Lu. Panaxynol protects cortical neurons from ischemia-like injury by up-regulation of HIF-1alpha expression and inhibition of apoptotic cascade. Chemico-biological interactions. 2010 Jan 5;183(1):165-71

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PMID: 19800326

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