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Signaling by muscarinic agonists is thought to result from the activation of cell surface acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) that transmit extracellular signals to intracellular systems. In N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells, we detected both plasma membrane and intracellular M(1) -mAChRs using both biochemical and pharmacological methods. In intact cells, both plasma membrane and intracellular M(1) -mAChRs were detected by the hydrophobic ligand probe, 1-quinuclidinyl-[phenyl-4-(3) H]-benzilate ([(3) H]-QNB) whereas the hydrophilic probe, 1-[N-methyl-(3) H] scopolamine ([(3) H]-NMS), detected only cell surface receptors. These probes detected comparable numbers of receptors in isolated membrane preparations. Immunohistochemical studies with M(1) -mAChR antibody also detected both cell-surface and intracellular M(1) -mAChRs. Carbachol-stimulated phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and Ca(2+) mobilization were completely inhibited by a cell-impermeable M(1) antagonist, muscarinic toxin -7 and the G(q/11) inhibitor YM-254890. However, carbachol-stimulated extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 activation was unaffected by muscarinic toxin-7, but was blocked by the cell-permeable antagonist, pirenzepine. extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation was resistant to blockade of G(q/11) (YM-254890) and protein kinase C (bisindolylmaleimide I). Our data suggest that the geographically distinct M(1) -mAChRs (cell surface versus intracellular) can signal via unique signaling pathways that are differentially sensitive to cell-impermeable versus cell-permeable antagonists. Our data are of potential physiological relevance to signaling that affects both cognitive and neurodegenerative processes. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry © 2011 International Society for Neurochemistry.


Junsuke Uwada, Abu Syed Md Anisuzzaman, Atsushi Nishimune, Hatsumi Yoshiki, Ikunobu Muramatsu. Intracellular distribution of functional M(1) -muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells. Journal of neurochemistry. 2011 Sep;118(6):958-67

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PMID: 21740440

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