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Incubation of rat lymphocytes with homocysteine (HC) or homocysteic acid (HCA) was found to increase the stationary levels of free radicals in lymphocytes, the effect of both ligands being mediated by ionotropic receptors activated by N-methyl-D-aspactic acid (NMDA), the expression of which on rat lymphocyte membranes was earlier demonstrated. In agreement with these data, increase of free radicals in the lymphocyte cytoplasm is preceded by an increase in the intracellular calcium levels, activation of protein kinase C, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and/or nitric oxide synthase. Both HC and HCA increase the production of IFN-γ and TNF-α by lymphocytes and antagonist of NMDA receptors; MK-801 prevents this effect. The data presented show that rat lymphocyte membrane contains functionally active NMDA receptors, which regulate cytokine accumulation. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Elizaveta Vladychenskaya, Olga Tyulina, Shiro Urano, Alexander Boldyrev. Rat lymphocytes express NMDA receptors that take part in regulation of cytokine production. Cell biochemistry and function. 2011 Oct;29(7):527-33

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PMID: 21989891

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