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Dopamine receptor, via D(1)-like and D(2)-like receptors, increases sodium excretion in kidney. We have reported positive interactions between D(3) and D(1) receptors in renal proximal tubule (RPT) cells. These reports, however do not preclude that there may be also interaction between D(3) and D(5) receptors, because of the lack of selective D(1) and D(5) receptor agonists or antagonists. We hypothesize that D(3) receptors can regulate D(5) receptors, and that D(3) receptor regulation of D(5) receptors in RPTs is impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). It showed that a D(3) receptor agonist, PD128907, by the activation of protein kinase C activity, increased the expression of D(5) receptors in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in RPT cells from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The stimulatory effect of the D(3) receptor on D(5) receptor expression was impaired in RPT cells from SHRs. The effect of D(3) receptor on D(5) receptor is functionally relevant; stimulation of D(5) receptor decreases Na(+)-K(+) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity in WKY cells. Pretreatment with D(3) receptor agonist for 24 h enhances the D(5) receptor expression and D(5) receptor-mediated inhibitory effect on Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activity in WKY cells, but decreases them in SHR cells. The effect of D(3) receptor on D(5) receptor expression and function was also confirmed in the D(5) receptor-transfected HEK293 cells. It indicates that activation of D(3) receptor increases D(5) receptor expression and function. Altered regulation of D(3) receptor on D(5) receptors may have a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension.


Hefei Huang, Hongmei Ren, Caiyu Chen, Xiaoyan Wang, Jian Yang, Yu Han, Duofen He, Lin Zhou, Laureano D Asico, Pedro A Jose, Chunyu Zeng. D3 dopamine receptor regulation of D5 receptor expression and function in renal proximal tubule cells. Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension. 2012 Jun;35(6):639-47

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PMID: 22297482

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