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Janus-activated kinase-2 JAK2 is activated by hyperosmotic shock and modifies the activity of several Na(+) coupled transporters. Carriers up-regulated by osmotic shock include the Na(+) coupled osmolyte transporter BGT1 (betaine/GABA transporter 1), which accomplishes the concentrative cellular uptake of γ-amino-butyric acid (GABA). The present study thus explored whether JAK2 participates in the regulation of BGT1 activity. To this end, cRNA encoding BGT1 was injected into Xenopus oocytes with or without cRNA encoding wild type JAK2, constitutively active (V617F)JAK2 or inactive (K882E)JAK2, and electrogenic GABA transport determined by dual electrode voltage clamp. In oocytes injected with cRNA encoding BGT1 but not in oocytes injected with water or with cRNA encoding JAK2 alone, the addition of 1mM GABA to the extracellular fluid generated an inward current (I(BGT)). In BGT1 expressing oocytes I(BGT) was significantly increased by coexpression of JAK2 or (V617F)JAK2, but not by coexpression of (K882E)JAK2. According to kinetic analysis coexpression of JAK2 increased the maximal I(BGT) without significantly modifying the concentration required for halfmaximal I(BGT) (K(M)). In oocytes expressing BGT1 and (V617F)JAK2 I(BGT) was gradually decreased by JAK2 inhibitor AG490 (40 μM). The decline of I(BGT) following disruption of carrier insertion with brefeldin A (5 μM) was similar in the absence and presence of the JAK2 inhibitor AG490 (40 μM). In conclusion, JAK2 is a novel regulator of the GABA transporter BGT1. The kinase up-regulates the carrier presumably by enhancing the insertion of carrier protein into the cell membrane. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Zohreh Hosseinzadeh, Manzar Shojaiefard, Shefalee K Bhavsar, Florian Lang. Up-regulation of the betaine/GABA transporter BGT1 by JAK2. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2012 Mar 30;420(1):172-7

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PMID: 22405821

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