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Tumour markers represent useful tools in diagnosis and clinical management of patients with cancer, because they are easy to use, minimally invasive, and easily measured in either blood or urine. Unfortunately, such an ideal marker, as yet, does not exist. Different pathological states may increase the level of a tumour marker in the absence of any neoplasia. Alternatively, low levels of tumour markers could be also found in the presence of neoplasias. We aimed at reviewing studies currently available in the literature examining the association between tumour markers and different renal impairment conditions. Each tumour marker was found to be differently influenced by these criteria; additionally we revealed in many cases a lack of available published data.


Giuseppe Coppolino, Davide Bolignano, Laura Rivoli, Giuseppe Mazza, Piera Presta, Giorgio Fuiano. Tumour markers and kidney function: a systematic review. BioMed research international. 2014;2014:647541

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PMID: 24689048

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