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    Proteasomes are major intracellular extralysosomal organelle for protein degradation and a central source of antigenic peptides in the endogenous pathway. Proteasome beta-4 subunit (PSMB4) was recently identified as potential cancer driver genes in several tumors. However, information regarding its regulation and possible function in the central nervous system is still limited. The present study was designed to elucidate dynamic changes in PSMB4 expression and distribution in the cerebral cortex in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation rat model. It was found that PSMB4 expression was increased significantly in apoptotic neurons in the brain cortex after LPS injection. Moreover, there was a concomitant up-regulation of active caspase-3, cyclin D1, and CDK4 in vivo and vitro studies. In addition, these three proteins in cortical primary neurons were decreased after knocking down PSMB4 by siRNA. Collectively, these results suggested that PSMB4 may be involved in neuronal apoptosis in neuroinflammation after LPS injection.

    Citation

    Jiansheng Shi, Xiaorong Liu, Changde Xu, Jianbin Ge, Jianbing Ren, Jun Wang, Xinjian Song, Shirong Dai, Weidong Tao, Hongjian Lu. Up-regulation of PSMB4 is associated with neuronal apoptosis after neuroinflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide. Journal of molecular histology. 2015 Dec;46(6):457-66

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    PMID: 26282113

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