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Safety concerns of some local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, have been raised in recent years due to potential neurological impairment. Dexmedetomidine may protect humans from neurotoxicity, and miR-let-7b is activated by nerve injury; however, the roles of miR-let-7b and its target gene in lidocaine-induced cytotoxicity are not well known. Through bioinformatics and a luciferase reporter assay, COL3A1 was suggested as a direct target gene of miR-let-7b. Here, we confirmed by measuring mRNA and protein levels that miR-let-7b was downregulated and COL3A1 was upregulated in lidocaine-treated cells, an observation that was reversed by dexmedetomidine. Similar to miR-let-7b mimics or knockdown of COL3A1, dexmedetomidine treatment reduced the expression of COL3A1, suppressed cell apoptosis and cell migration/invasion ability, and induced cell cycle progression and cell proliferation in PC12 cells, effects that were reversed by the miR-let-7b inhibitor. Meanwhile, proteins involved in cell apoptosis, such as Bcl2 and caspase 3, were impacted as well. Taken together, dexmedetomidine may protect PC12 cells from lidocaine-induced cytotoxicity through miR-let-7b and COL3A1, while also increasing Bcl2 and inhibiting caspase 3. Therefore, miR-let-7b and COL3A1 might play critical roles in neuronal injury, and they are potential therapeutic targets.


Qiong Wang, Yingjun She, Xiaobao Bi, Baisong Zhao, Xiangcai Ruan, Yonghong Tan. Dexmedetomidine Protects PC12 Cells from Lidocaine-Induced Cytotoxicity Through Downregulation of COL3A1 Mediated by miR-let-7b. DNA and cell biology. 2017 Jul;36(7):518-528

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PMID: 28436683

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