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    The transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) is up-regulated in several clinical disorders, including dehydration. NFAT5-sensitive genes include serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1). The kinase is a powerful regulator of Orai1, a Ca2+ channel accomplishing store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Orai1 is stimulated after intracellular store depletion by the Ca2+ sensors stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), or STIM2, or both. In the present study, we explored whether nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT)-5 influences Ca2+ signaling in megakaryocytes. To this end, human megakaryocytic (MEG-01) cells were transfected with NFAT5 or with siNFAT5. Platelets and megakaryocytes were isolated from wild-type mice with either access to water ad libitum or dehydration by 36 h of water deprivation. Transcript levels were determined with quantitative RT-PCR and protein abundance by Western blot analysis and flow cytometry, cytosolic (intracellular) Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by fura-2-fluorescence. SOCE was estimated from the increase of [Ca2+]i following readdition of extracellular Ca2+ after store depletion with thapsigargin (1 µM). Platelet degranulation was estimated from P-selectin abundance and integrin activation from αIIbβ3 integrin abundance determined by flow cytometry. As a result, NFAT5 transfection or exposure to hypertonicity (+40 mM NaCl) of MEG-01 cells increased Orai1, Orai2, STIM1, and STIM2 transcript levels. Orai1 transcript levels were decreased by NFAT5 silencing. NFAT5 transfection and IκB inhibitor BMS 345541 (5 µM) increased SOCE, whereas NFAT5 silencing and SGK1 inhibitor GSK650394 (10 µM) decreased SOCE. In the mice, dehydration increased NFAT5 and Orai1 protein abundance in megakaryocytes and NFAT5, Orai1, and Orai2 abundance in platelets. Dehydration further augmented the degranulation and integrin activation by thrombin and collagen-related peptide. In summary, NFAT5 is a powerful regulator of Orai1-expression and SOCE in megakaryocytes.-Sahu, I., Pelzl, L., Sukkar, B., Fakhri, H., al-Maghout, T., Cao, H., Hauser, S., Gutti, R., Gawaz, M., Lang, F. NFAT5-sensitive Orai1 expression and store-operated Ca2+ entry in megakaryocytes. © FASEB.

    Citation

    Itishri Sahu, Lisann Pelzl, Basma Sukkar, Hajar Fakhri, Tamer Al-Maghout, Hang Cao, Stefan Hauser, Ravi Gutti, Meinrad Gawaz, Florian Lang. NFAT5-sensitive Orai1 expression and store-operated Ca2+ entry in megakaryocytes. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2017 Aug;31(8):3439-3448

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    PMID: 28446591

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