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We have previously indicated that EGFR has a role in carcinogenesis in a subgroup of sinonasal squamous cell carcinomas (SNSCC). In addition, EGFR activates 2 of the most important intracellular signalling pathways: PI3K/pAKT/mTOR/pS6 and MAP pathway kinases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of the EGFR/PI3K/pAKT/mTOR/pS6 pathway and its relationship with clinical-pathological parameters and follow-up of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma. The immunohistochemical expression of different components of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR/pS6 pathway and its relationship with various clinical-pathological parameters was studied in a series of 54 patients with SNSCC. Loss of PTEN expression was observed in 33/54 cases (61%) and pAKT, mTOR and pS6 pre-expression was observed in 19/54 cases (35%), 8/54 cases (15%), and 47/54 cases (87%), respectively. Loss of PTEN expression was related to intracranial invasion and development of regional metastases (p=0.005). Overexpression of pS6 was associated with a decrease in survival (p=0.008), presence of local recurrences (p=0.055), and worsening of overall prognosis (p=0.007). No significant relationships were observed between pAKT and mTOR expression and the clinicopathological parameters studied. Alterations in the expression of EGFR/PI3K/pAKT/mTOR/pS6 pathway components are common in a subgroup of SNSCC. This study reveals that the absence of pS6 overexpression is associated with better clinical outcomes. Therefore, pS6 expression could be considered as an unfavourable prognostic marker. Copyright © 2018. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.


María Gabriela Muñoz-Cordero, Fernando López, Cristina García-Inclán, Alejandro López-Hernández, Sira Potes-Ares, Laura Fernández-Vañes, José Luis Llorente, Mario Hermsen. Predictive value of EGFR-PI3K-pAKT-mTOR-pS6 pathway in sinonasal squamous cell carcinomas. Acta otorrinolaringologica espanola. 2019 Jan - Feb;70(1):16-24

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PMID: 29573781

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