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Environmental exposure and cellular metabolism can give rise to DNA alkylation, which can occur on the nitrogen and oxygen atoms of nucleobases, as well as on the phosphate backbone. Although O 6-alkyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (O 6-alkyl-dG) lesions are known to be associated with cancer, not much is known about how the alkyl group structures in these lesions affect their repair and replicative bypass in vivo or how translesion synthesis DNA polymerases influence the latter process. To answer these questions, here we synthesized oligodeoxyribonucleotides harboring seven O 6-alkyl-dG lesions, with the alkyl group being Me, Et, nPr, iPr, nBu, iBu, or sBu, and examined the impact of these lesions on DNA replication in Escherichia coli cells. We found that replication past all the O 6-alkyl-dG lesions was highly efficient and that SOS-induced DNA polymerases play redundant roles in bypassing these lesions. Moreover, these lesions directed exclusively the G → A mutation, the frequency of which increased with the size of the alkyl group on the DNA. This could be attributed to the varied repair efficiencies of these lesions by O 6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (MGMT) in cells, which involve the MGMT Ogt and, to a lesser extent, Ada. In conclusion, our study provides important new knowledge about the repair of the O 6-alkyl-dG lesions and their recognition by the E. coli DNA replication machinery. Our results suggest that the lesions' carcinogenic potentials may be attributed, at least in part, to their strong mutagenic potential and their efficient bypass by the DNA replication machinery. © 2018 Wang and Wang.


Pengcheng Wang, Yinsheng Wang. Cytotoxic and mutagenic properties of O 6-alkyl-2'-deoxyguanosine lesions in Escherichia coli cells. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2018 Sep 28;293(39):15033-15042

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PMID: 30068548

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