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    Myxopyrum serratulum A. W. Hill. (Oleaceae) is a traditionally used Indian medicinal plant for the treatment of cough, asthma and many other inflammatory diseases. In this study, the protective effects of M. serratulum on airway inflammation was investigated in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine model of allergic asthma and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages, and the possible mechanisms were elucidated. The phytochemicals present in the methanolic leaf extract of M. serratulum (MEMS) were identified by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) analysis. In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of MEMS were evaluated by estimating the levels of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17A, IFN-γ, TNF-α, G-CSF and GM-CSF) in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. In vivo anti-asthmatic activity of MEMS was studied using OVA-induced murine model. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), was measured; total and differential cell counts, eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), NO, ROS, and cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), were estimated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Serum total IgE level was measured; and the histopathological changes of lung tissues were observed. The expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lung tissue homogenates were detected by Western blot. The chromatographic analysis of MEMS identified the presence of gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, catechin, ellagic acid, rutin, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, naringenin and apigenin. MEMS (125 and 250 μg/mL) dose-dependently reduced the levels of NO, ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. MEMS (200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly (p < 0.05) alleviated AHR; number of inflammatory cells, EPO, PGE2, NO, ROS, and cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13) in BALF; serum total IgE and the histopathological changes associated with lung inflammation. Western blot studies showed that MEMS substantially suppressed COX-2 and iNOS protein expressions in the lung tissues of OVA-sensitized/challenged mice. The present study corroborates for the first time the ameliorative effects of MEMS on airway inflammation by reducing the levels of oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibiting COX-2, iNOS protein expressions, thereby validating the ethnopharmacological uses of M. serratulum. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Vijayalakshmi Maruthamuthu, Linda Jeeva Kumari Henry, Mohan Kumar Ramar, Ruckmani Kandasamy. Myxopyrum serratulum ameliorates airway inflammation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages and OVA-induced murine model of allergic asthma. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 2020 Jun 12;255:112369

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    PMID: 31683035

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