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Tilletia foetida causes wheat common smut disease with severe loss of yield production and seed quality. In this study, a low-cost, rapid, and efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) system for T. foetida mutagenesis was constructed: Transformants were screened with hygromycin B at 100 μg/ml, cefotaxime sodium concentrations with 200 μg/ml, Acetosyringone (AS) concentration at 200 μmol/l, 1 × 106 T. foetida hypha cells/ml, co-cultivation at 22 °C with 24 h and culture was incubated at 16 °C up to day 7. Fourteen transformants were randomly selected and confirmed using the specific primers to amplify the fragment of hygromycin phosphotransferase gene. At the same time, PCR analysis was performed to detect Agrobacterium tumefaciens Vir gene to eliminate false positives. The transformants were cultivated up to 8 generations on hygromycine B-containing complete medium (CM) and confirmed by PCR. The results indicated that 80% of T. foetida transformants were hygromycine B resistant. In conclusion, our analyses identified an efficient T-DNA insertion system for T. foetida and the results will be useful for further understanding the pathogenic mechanism via generation of the insertional mutants. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Dandan Li, Xiaoqing Wei, Taiguo Liu, Changzhong Liu, Wanquan Chen, Yuan Hu Xuan, Li Gao. Establishment of an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation system for Tilletia foetida. Journal of microbiological methods. 2020 Feb;169:105810

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PMID: 31857144

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