Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • 4E BP1 (1)
  • adult diseases (1)
  • AKT (1)
  • amino acid (13)
  • amino acid transport (3)
  • AMPK (1)
  • atp (6)
  • cellular (1)
  • eIF2α (1)
  • female (1)
  • fetal growth (1)
  • fetus (2)
  • hindlimb (4)
  • insulin (2)
  • pregnancy (1)
  • protocol (1)
  • rapamycin (3)
  • rpS6 (1)
  • sarcolemma (3)
  • sheep (4)
  • skeletal muscle (7)
  • sodium (5)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have reduced muscle mass that persists postnatally, which may contribute to their increased risk for adult onset metabolic diseases, such as diabetes and obesity. Amino acid transporter-mediated histidine uptake and system L amino acid transporter activity were similar in sarcolemmal membranes isolated from control and IUGR hindlimb skeletal muscle. Activity of Na+ K+ -ATPase, which is responsible for establishing the sodium gradient necessary for system A and N amino acid transporter function, was significantly reduced in IUGR skeletal muscle sarcolemma compared to control. ATP content was lower in IUGR skeletal muscle. Expression and phosphorylation of proteins in the mechanistic target of rapamycin pathway were similar in control and IUGR skeletal muscle homogenate. Our data suggest that lower Na+ K+ -ATPase activity, which reduces the driving force for active amino acid transport, and lower ATP availability contribute to reduced amino acid uptake and protein synthesis in IUGR fetal skeletal muscle. Fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have lower muscle mass that persists postnatally. Using a sheep model of placental insufficiency and IUGR, we have previously demonstrated lower net total uptake of amino acids by the fetal hindlimb and lower skeletal muscle protein synthesis rates. To investigate the mechanisms underlying these changes, we tested the hypothesis that ex vivo amino acid transporter and Na+ K+ -ATPase activity is reduced, and ex vivo ATP levels are lower in hindlimb skeletal muscle of the IUGR fetus. We developed a novel protocol to measure transporter-mediated histidine uptake, system L amino acid transporter activity and Na+ K+ -ATPase activity using sarcolemmal membranes isolated from hindlimb muscle of control (CON, n = 11-12) and IUGR (n = 12) late gestation fetal sheep. We also determined ATP content and the activity of insulin and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling, which are involved in regulating cellular amino acid uptake and protein synthesis, by measuring the expression and phosphorylation of AKT, 4E-BP1, eIF2α, AMPKα, p70 S6 kinase and rpS6 in muscle homogenates. Transporter-mediated histidine uptake and system L activity were similar in control and IUGR sarcolemma, although ex vivo Na+ K+ -ATPase activity was lower by 64% (P = 0.019) in IUGR sarcolemma. ATP content was lower by 25% (P = 0.007) in IUGR muscle. Insulin, AMPK, and mTOR signalling activity was similar in control and IUGR muscle. We speculate that reduced muscle sarcolemmal Na+ K+ -ATPase activity and lower ATP content diminishes the sodium gradient in vivo, resulting in a reduced driving force for sodium-dependent transporters and subsequently lower muscle amino acid uptake. © 2020 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology © 2020 The Physiological Society.


    Jane Stremming, Thomas Jansson, Theresa L Powell, Paul J Rozance, Laura D Brown. Reduced Na+ K+ -ATPase activity may reduce amino acid uptake in intrauterine growth restricted fetal sheep muscle despite unchanged ex vivo amino acid transporter activity. The Journal of physiology. 2020 Apr;598(8):1625-1639

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 31909825

    View Full Text