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Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) are involved in destruction of thyroid tissue in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). N-glycosylation of the Fc fragment affects the effector functions of IgG by enhancing or suppressing the cytotoxicity effect. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of HT-specific IgG glycosylation in ADCC and CDC, using in vitro models. The normal thyroid Nthy-ori 3-1 cell line and thyroid carcinoma FTC-133 cells were used as the target cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors and the HL-60 human promyelotic leukemia cell line served as the effector cells. IgG was isolated from sera of HT and healthy donors and then treated with α2-3,6,8-neuraminidase to cut off sialic acids (SA) from N-glycans. We observed more intensive cytotoxicity in the presence of IgG from HT patients than in the presence of IgG from healthy donors. Removal of SA from IgG N-glycans increased ADCC intensity and reduced CDC. We conclude that the enhanced thyrocyte lysis resulted from the higher anti-TPO content in the whole IgG pool of HT donors and from altered IgG glycosylation in HT autoimmunity.

Citation

Marta Ząbczyńska, Katarzyna Polak, Kamila Kozłowska, Grzegorz Sokołowski, Ewa Pocheć. The Contribution of IgG Glycosylation to Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity (ADCC) and Complement-Dependent Cytotoxicity (CDC) in Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: An in Vitro Model of Thyroid Autoimmunity. Biomolecules. 2020 Jan 22;10(2)

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PMID: 31979029

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