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The cohesin- and condensin-related SMC5/6 complex has largely been studied in the context of DNA repair. Nevertheless, SMC5/6 has an undefined essential function even in the absence of cellular stress. Through the use of an auxin-inducible degradation system for rapidly depleting subunits of the SMC5/6 complex, we show that SMC5/6 is essential for viability in cancer-derived and normal human cells. Impairment of SMC5/6 function is associated with spontaneous induction of DNA damage, p53 activation, cell-cycle arrest, and senescence, as well as an increased frequency of various mitotic chromosome segregation abnormalities. However, we show that this chromosome missegregation is apparent only when SMC5/6 function is impaired during the preceding S and G2 phases. In contrast, degradation of SMC5/6 immediately prior to mitotic entry has little or no impact on the fidelity of chromosome segregation, highlighting the importance of the complex during interphase in order to ensure faithful sister chromatid disjunction. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Andrés Bueno Venegas, Toyoaki Natsume, Masato Kanemaki, Ian D Hickson. Inducible Degradation of the Human SMC5/6 Complex Reveals an Essential Role Only during Interphase. Cell reports. 2020 Apr 21;31(3):107533

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PMID: 32320646

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