Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • B raf (2)
  • canine urothelial carcinoma (8)
  • COX2 (8)
  • dog (2)
  • ERK (7)
  • gene (1)
  • JNK (3)
  • kinases (2)
  • patients (2)
  • prostaglandin e2 (7)
  • RAF (2)
  • raf kinases (2)
  • regulates (1)
  • signal (1)
  • tumour (1)
  • urothelium (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Cancer-promoting inflammation is an important event in cancer development. Canine urothelial carcinoma (cUC) overexpresses prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and has a unique sensitivity to cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2)-inhibiting therapy. In addition, majority of cUC harbour BRAFV595E mutation. However, mechanisms underlying aberrant PGE2 production in BRAFV595E cUC patients remain unclear. Drug screening revealed that inhibition of RAF/MEK/ERK pathway, p38 and JNK pathway reduced PGE2 production in cUC cells. By pharmacological inhibition of the multiple components in the pathway, activation of the ERK MAPK pathway was shown to mediate overexpression of COX2 and production of PGE2 in BRAFV595E cUC cells. In silico gain-of-function analysis of the BRAF mutation also implicated involvement of mutation in the process. The positive association between ERK activation and COX2 expression was further validated in the clinical patients. Moreover, it was also suggested that p38 and JNK regulates PGE2 production independently of ERK pathway, possibly through COX2-dependent and COX1-/COX2- independent manner, respectively. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that activation of ERK induces production of PGE2 in BRAFV595E cUC cells, which is also independently regulated by p38 and JNK. With its unique vulnerability to COX-targeted therapy, BRAFV595E cUC may serve as a valuable model to study the tumour-promoting inflammation.


    Ryohei Yoshitake, Kohei Saeki, Shotaro Eto, Masahiro Shinada, Rei Nakano, Hiroshi Sugiya, Yoshifumi Endo, Naoki Fujita, Ryohei Nishimura, Takayuki Nakagawa. Aberrant expression of the COX2/PGE2 axis is induced by activation of the RAF/MEK/ERK pathway in BRAFV595E canine urothelial carcinoma. Scientific reports. 2020 May 08;10(1):7826

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 32385388

    View Full Text