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    Grape wine is the most widely consumed fruit wine in the world. With the increasing diversification of consumers' needs, the variety of fruit wines in the market is becoming more and more abundant. Whether it is the production of grape wine or other fruit wines these processes are inseparable from the participation of enzymes. The quality of these wines is closely related to the application of enzymes in the winemaking process. Enzymes are involved in pretreatment, fermentation, filtration, flavoring, aging and storage of fruit wines. This review systematically illustrated the role of pectinase, β-glucanase, β-glucosidase, glucose oxidase, lysozyme, protease, tannase and urease in the production of wines and their current production status and also provided a theoretical basis for better application of various enzymes in the production of various fruit wines. This knowledge could be great significance to improve the quality of fruit wines and reduce the production costs in the fruit wine industry.


    Hua Yang, Guolin Cai, Jian Lu, Encarna Gómez Plaza. The production and application of enzymes related to the quality of fruit wine. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition. 2021;61(10):1605-1615

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    PMID: 32423236

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