Correlation Engine 2.0
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    Nonscheduled R loops represent a major source of DNA damage and replication stress. Cells have different ways to prevent R-loop accumulation. One mechanism relies on the conserved THO complex in association with cotranscriptional RNA processing factors including the RNA-dependent ATPase UAP56/DDX39B and histone modifiers such as the SIN3 deacetylase in humans. We investigated the function of UAP56/DDX39B in R-loop removal. We show that UAP56 depletion causes R-loop accumulation, R-loop-mediated genome instability, and replication fork stalling. We demonstrate an RNA-DNA helicase activity in UAP56 and show that its overexpression suppresses R loops and genome instability induced by depleting five different unrelated factors. UAP56/DDX39B localizes to active chromatin and prevents the accumulation of RNA-DNA hybrids over the entire genome. We propose that, in addition to its RNA processing role, UAP56/DDX39B is a key helicase required to eliminate harmful cotranscriptional RNA structures that otherwise would block transcription and replication. © 2020 Pérez-Calero et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

    Citation

    Carmen Pérez-Calero, Aleix Bayona-Feliu, Xiaoyu Xue, Sonia I Barroso, Sergio Muñoz, Víctor M González-Basallote, Patrick Sung, Andrés Aguilera. UAP56/DDX39B is a major cotranscriptional RNA-DNA helicase that unwinds harmful R loops genome-wide. Genes & development. 2020 Jul 01;34(13-14):898-912

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    PMID: 32439635

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