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    Homeostatic scaling of the synapse, such as synaptic down-scaling, has been proposed to offset deleterious effects induced by sustained synaptic strength enhancement. Proper function and subcellular distribution of Src homology 2 domain-containing nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP2) are required for synaptic plasticity. However, the role of SHP2 in synaptic down-scaling remains largely unknown. Here, using biochemical assays and cell-imaging techniques, we found that synaptic SHP2 levels are temporally regulated during synaptic down-scaling in cultured hippocampal neurons. Furthermore, we observed that a Noonan syndrome-associated mutation of SHP2, resulting in a D61G substitution, prevents synaptic down-scaling. We further show that this effect is due to an inability of the SHP2-D61G variant to properly disassociate from postsynaptic density protein 95, leading to impaired SHP2 dispersion from synaptic sites after synaptic down-scaling. Our findings reveal a molecular mechanism of the Noonan syndrome-associated genetic variant SHP2-D61G that contributes to deficient synaptic down-scaling. © 2020 Lu et al.

    Citation

    Wen Lu, Heng Ai, Fusheng Xue, Yifei Luan, Bin Zhang. The Noonan syndrome-associated D61G variant of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 prevents synaptic down-scaling. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2020 Jul 17;295(29):10023-10031

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    PMID: 32499374

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