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    The yeast E2F functional homologs MBF (Mbp1/Swi6) and SBF (Swi4/Swi6) complexes are critical transcription factors for G1/S transition. The target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) kinase promotes G1/S transition via upregulation of the G1 cyclin Cln3 that activates MBF and SBF in favorable nutrient conditions. Here, we show evidence that TORC1 directly regulates G1/S transition via MBF and SBF. Various proteins involved in G1/S transition, including Mbp1 and Swi4, but not Swi6, were largely lost after rapamycin treatment. TORC1 inactivation facilitated degradation of Mbp1 and Swi4. Mbp1 degradation was dependent on Skp1-Cullin1-F-box (SCF)-Grr1 and proteasomes. We identified a PEST-like degron in Mbp1. Mutant cells with an unstable Mbp1 protein were hypersensitive to rapamycin and more accumulated G1 cells in the absence and presence of rapamycin. This study revealed that TORC1 directly controls MBF/SBF-mediated G1/S transition in response to nutrient availability. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Shamsul Morshed, Tsukasa Shibata, Kayoko Naito, Kazumi Miyasato, Yuri Takeichi, Tsuneyuki Takuma, Most Naoshia Tasnin, Takashi Ushimaru. TORC1 regulates G1/S transition and cell proliferation via the E2F homologs MBF and SBF in yeast. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2020 Aug 27;529(3):846-853

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    PMID: 32553629

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