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Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare endocrine malignancy with poor outcomes. Although some mutations such as CDC73 have been found in patients, the molecular mechanism of PC still needs extensive data to clarify. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed with frozen samples from 23 PC patients. Peripheral leukocytes were collected from 14 patients and served as controls. Somatic and germline gene alterations, copy number abnormalities and structural variants were detected. Inactivating CDC73 mutations were identified in 39.1% of patients, but only one germline inactivating mutation was found. Other cancer-related mutations identified in more than one case were MAF (2/23), NEB (6/23), NCOR1 (2/23), TTK (2/23), GRIN3A (4/23), TRIO (2/23), MAP1B (2/23), TJP2 (2/23) and FAM20A (2/23). In the seven wild-type CDC73 samples, the mutated genes were enriched in pathways involving antigen presentation, allograft rejection or autoimmune disease. More copy number variants were found in patients with cancer recurrence (P = .006) and CDC73 mutations (P = .022) than in those without these characteristics. PIK3CA loss was found in one sample, which also harboured a CDC73 mutation. Gene alterations in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway were found in 78.3% (18/23) of tumours. The most prominent cancer-predisposing mutations were PDE4DIP (15/23), MAP3K1 (13/23) and CDC42EP1 (10/23). In conclusion, the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway may be pivotal in PC. CDC73 mutation correlated with an increased mutational burden and tumour relapse. PC patients with wild-type CDC73 harboured mutations relevant to antigen presentation and autoimmune diseases. A molecular classification based on the CDC73 mutation may help to manage follow-up and therapy for PC patients. © 2020 UICC.


Ya Hu, Xiang Zhang, Ou Wang, Yalan Bi, Xiaoping Xing, Ming Cui, Mengyi Wang, Wei Tao, Quan Liao, Yupei Zhao. The genomic profile of parathyroid carcinoma based on whole-genome sequencing. International journal of cancer. 2020 Nov 01;147(9):2446-2457

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PMID: 32574388

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