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    Faba bean is a cool season grain legume that produces seeds with a high protein content. Seed coat tannins limit its use in food and feed. A low-tannin phenotype is controlled by either of two unlinked recessive genes zt1 and zt2. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to characterize phenolic profiles of seed coat and flower tissue of three faba bean genotypes: CDC Snowdrop (zt1 gene), Disco/2 (zt2 gene), and ILB 938/2 (tannin-containing). For both tissues, clear differences in phenolic profiles of ILB 938/2 were observed in comparison to both low-tannin lines. Although seed coat phenolic profiles of zt1 and zt2 genotypes were similar, distinct differences were evident in flower tissue, suggesting that the gene action results in some different end products of the phenolic biosynthetic pathway. These distinctive compounds could be used as biochemical markers to distinguish between low-tannin phenotypes.


    Stefano Zanotto, Hamid Khazaei, Fatma M Elessawy, Albert Vandenberg, Randy W Purves. Do Faba Bean Genotypes Carrying Different Zero-Tannin Genes (zt1 and zt2) Differ in Phenolic Profiles? Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2020 Jul 15;68(28):7530-7540

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    PMID: 32628473

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