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It remains unclear whether intrarenal venous flow (IRVF) patterns in patients with heart failure (HF) could change over the clinical course, and whether the changes could have a clinical impact. Thus, this study aimed to clarify these characteristics as well as to identify the relation between changes in the IRVF pattern and renal impairment progression. Patients with HF with repetitive IRVF evaluations were enrolled. Doppler waveforms of IRVF were classified into the following 3 flow patterns: continuous, biphasic discontinuous, and monophasic discontinuous. Primary end points included death from cardiovascular diseases and unplanned hospitalization for HF. Finally, 108 patients with adequate images were enrolled. The IRVF in 35 patients (32.4%) shifted to another pattern at the follow-up examinations. The median brain natriuretic peptide level in the continuous flow pattern at follow-up was significantly decreased (183 to 60 pg/mL, P < .001), whereas that of the discontinuous flow pattern at follow-up was increased (from 339 to 366 pg/mL, P = .042) and the estimated glomerular filtration rate was decreased (from 55 to 50 mL/min/1.73 m2, P = .013). A multivariable Cox proportional hazard model analysis revealed that the discontinuous pattern at follow-up (P < .001) and brain natriuretic peptide (P = .021) were significantly associated with the end points, independent of age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and serum sodium level. The IRVF pattern could be changed depending on the status of congestion. Persistent or worsened renal congestion, represented by discontinuous flow patterns, during the clinical courses indicated a poor prognosis accompanied by renal impairment in patients with HF. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Masayoshi Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Seo, Noriko Iida, Tomoko Ishizu, Yu Yamada, Tomofumi Nakatsukasa, Daishi Nakagawa, Naoto Kawamatsu, Kimi Sato, Tomoko Machino-Ohtsuka, Kazutaka Aonuma, Nobuyuki Ohte, Masaki Ieda. Prognostic Impact of Changes in Intrarenal Venous Flow Pattern in Patients With Heart Failure. Journal of cardiac failure. 2021 Jan;27(1):20-28

PMID: 32652246

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