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This research evaluated the adsorption of celestine blue (CB) onto a novel Solanum tuberosum waste-magnetite nanocomposite (Mt@STB), prepared by an ecofriendly impregnation of magnetite (Mt) nanoparticles onto Solanum tuberosum waste (STB). The adsorbents characterization revealed that Mt@STB had a surface area (18.92 m2/g), pHpzc (7.55), porous morphology as well as suitable functional groups for efficient sequestration of CB onto the composite. The SEM, XRD, and EDX showed successful incorporation of 31.21 nm average size Mt nanoparticles on Mt@STB. Faster kinetics of CB sequestration from the wastewater was obtained for Mt@STB (100 min) compared to STB (140 min). Among four isotherm models, the Langmuir exhibited the best fit with R2 > 0.9971 and sum square errors (SSE) < 0.0151. The pristine STB and Mt@STB composite showed maximum monolayer CEB uptake of 7.61 and 9.02 mg/g, as well as optimum removal of 73.8 and 84.7%, respectively. The pseudo-second-order model was more suitable in the kinetic description, while thermodynamics revealed a physical, spontaneous, and endothermic CB uptake. Besides, the efficacy of the composite for CB was confirmed from efficient regeneration over three adsorption/desorption cycles, which specified the viability of Mt@STB as a sustainable material for the decontamination of CB polluted water. NOVELTY STATEMENT The adsorption of dyes from wastewaters has been widely studied due to the harmful effects on the ecosystem. However, research on the removal of celestine blue (CB) dye is rare despite its wide use in the nuclear and textile industries. Until date, there is no report on the adsorption of CB on biomaterial via biosorption. Therefore, the biosorption behavior of CB is presently unknown. Hence, this study reports the biosorption of CB onto a biosorbent (Solanum tuberosum peel [STB]) in an attempt to understand its biosorption behavior. Besides, the impregnation of magnetite (Mt) nanoparticles has been reported to enhance the uptake of most adsorbents for dye. To the best of our knowledge, such magnetic nanoparticle impregnation of STB has not been reported. We, therefore, synthesized a novel biowaste-magnetite composite (Mt@STB) and evaluated its potentials for the uptake as well as its reuse for CB biosorption.


Kovo G Akpomie, Jeanet Conradie. Biosorption and regeneration potentials of magnetite nanoparticle loaded Solanum tuberosum peel for celestine blue dye. International journal of phytoremediation. 2021;23(4):347-361

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PMID: 32898434

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