Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

To synthesize investigations into the role of lipid-mediated recruitment and activation of group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). A comprehensive literature review of reports pertaining to cellular mechanisms, cytokine, and lipid mediators in AERD, as well as ILC2 activation and recruitment, was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar. Selections of studies were based on reports of lipid mediators in AERD, cytokine mediators in AERD, type 2 effector cells in AERD, platelets in AERD, AERD treatment, ILC2s in allergic airway disease, and ILC2 activation, inhibition, and trafficking. The precise mechanisms of AERD pathogenesis are not well understood. Greater levels of proinflammatory lipid mediators and type 2 cytokines are found in tissues derived from patients with AERD relative to controls. After pathognomonic cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitor reactions, proinflammatory mediator concentrations (prostaglandin D2 and cysteinyl leukotrienes) are rapidly increased, as are ILC2 levels in the nasal mucosa. The ILC2s, which potently generate type 2 cytokines in response to lipid mediator stimulation, may play a key role in AERD pathogenesis. Although the literature suggests that lipid-mediated ILC2 activation may occur in AERD, there is a dearth of definitive evidence. Future investigations leveraging novel next-generation single-cell sequencing approaches along with recently developed AERD murine models will better define lipid mediator-induced ILC2 trafficking in patients with AERD. Copyright © 2020 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Kellen J Cavagnero, Taylor A Doherty. Lipid-mediated innate lymphoid cell recruitment and activation in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease. Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology. 2021 Feb;126(2):135-142

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32950684

View Full Text