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    Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates with a low polymerization degree containing between three and fifteen monosaccharide residues covalently linked through glycosidic bonds. Oligosaccharides are related to plant defense responses and possess beneficial attributes for human health. Research has focused in wine oligosaccharides only in the last decade. In this paper, a summary of these works is provided. They include: (i) wine oligosaccharides origins, (ii) techniques for isolating oligosaccharide fraction and determining their content, composition and structure, (iii) their dependence on the grape origin and cultivar and winemaking process, and (iv) the connection between oligosaccharides and wine sensorial attributes. Further research is required regarding the impact of agricultural aspects and winemaking techniques on wine oligosaccharides. The knowledge concerning their influence on sensorial and physicochemical properties of wines and on human health should also be improved. The implementation of laboratory methods will provide better understanding of these compounds and their performance within wine's matrix. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Rafael Apolinar-Valiente, Pascale Williams, Thierry Doco. Recent advances in the knowledge of wine oligosaccharides. Food chemistry. 2021 Apr 16;342:128330

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    PMID: 33067045

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