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Small molecular chemicals targeting individual subtype of G proteins including Gs, Gi/o and Gq has been lacking, except for pertussis toxin being an established selective peptide inhibitor of the Gi/o protein. Recently, a cyclic depsipeptide compound YM-254890 isolated from culture broth of Chromobacterium sp. was reported as a selective inhibitor for the Gq protein by blocking GDP exchange of GTP on the α subunit of Gq complex. However, functional selectivity of YM-254890 towards various G proteins was not fully characterized, primarily due to its restricted availability before 2017. Here, using human coronary artery endothelial cells as a model, we performed a systemic pharmacological evaluation on the functional selectivity of YM-254890 on multiple G protein-mediated receptor signaling. First, we confirmed that YM-254890, at 30 nM, abolished UTP-activated P2Y2 receptor-mediated Ca2+ signaling and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, indicating its potent inhibition on the Gq protein. However, we unexpectedly found that YM-254890 also significantly suppressed cAMP elevation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation induced by multiple Gs-coupled receptors including β2-adrenegic, adenosine A2 and PGI2 receptors. Surprisingly, although YM-254890 had no impact on CXCR4/Gi/o protein-mediated suppression of cAMP production, it abolished ERK1/2 activation. Further, no cellular toxicity was observed for YM-254890, and it neither affected A23187- or thapsigargin-induced Ca2+ signaling, nor forskolin-induced cAMP elevation and growth factor-induced MAPK signaling. We conclude that YM-254890 is not a selective inhibitor for Gq protein; instead, it acts as a broad-spectrum inhibitor for Gq and Gs proteins and exhibits a biased inhibition on Gi/o signaling, without affecting non-GPCR-mediated cellular signaling. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Qianman Peng, Saud Alqahtani, Mohammed Zahid A Nasrullah, Jianzhong Shen. Functional evidence for biased inhibition of G protein signaling by YM-254890 in human coronary artery endothelial cells. European journal of pharmacology. 2021 Jan 15;891:173706

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PMID: 33152337

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