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Huang Lian Jie Du Tang (HLJDT) is a traditional Chinese medical decoction for heat-fire clearing and detoxication. Theoretically, the cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been attributed to the dysregulations of internal wind, phlegm, fire, and stasis. Thus, HLJDT has been used to treat PD. However, the molecular mechanism is unknown. Besides, paraquat (PQ) as an herbicide has been known to impair midbrain dopaminergic neurons, resemblance to the pathology of PD. Thus, the molecular mechanism of HLJDT in treating PD and PQ-induced in vitro PD model was investigated in this study. Primarily, the dose-response of PQ (0.1∼1 mM)-induced neurotoxicity for 24 h was performed in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. The LD50 of PQ is around 0.3 mM and was applied throughout the following experiments. The neutral red assay was used to estimate cell viability. Co-transfection of the mitochondrial marker and proapoptotic factor genes were applied to measure the release of mitochondrial proapoptotic factors during PQ intoxication and HLJDT protection. The fluorescent dyes were used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential and free radical formation. Western blot and dot-blot analysis and immunocytochemistry were used to estimate the level of proteins related to apoptosis and mitophagy. PINK1 gene silencing was used to determine the significance of mitophagy during PQ intoxication. In this study, HLJDT attenuated PQ-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. HLJDT reversed PQ-induced decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and suppressed PQ-induced increased cytosolic and mitochondrial free radical formations and mitochondrial proapoptotic factor releases. Furthermore, HLJDT mitigated PQ-induced increases in full-length PINK1, phosphorylations of Parkin and ubiquitin, mitochondrial translocation of phosphorylated Parkin, and mitophagy. PINK1 gene silencing attenuated PQ-induced neurotoxicity. Therefore, HLJDT attenuated PQ-induced cell death by regulating mitophagy. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.

Citation

I-Jung Lee, Che-Yi Chao, Ying-Chen Yang, Jing-Jy Cheng, Chuen-Lin Huang, Chun-Tang Chiou, Hung-Tse Huang, Yao-Haur Kuo, Nai-Kuei Huang. Huang Lian Jie Du Tang attenuates paraquat-induced mitophagy in human SH-SY5Y cells: A traditional decoction with a novel therapeutic potential in treating Parkinson's disease. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2021 Feb;134:111170

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PMID: 33383311

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