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The roles of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) in the corpus luteum (CL) function and its modulatory effect on prostaglandin (PG) F2α during the bovine estrous cycle were studied using the following design of in vivo and in vitro experiments: (1) effects of FGF2 and FGF receptor 1 inhibitor (PD173074) on bovine CL function in the early (PGF2α-resistant) and mid (PGF2α-responsive) luteal stage in vivo, (2) the modulatory effect of FGF2 on PGF2α action during the luteal phase in vivo and (3) effects of FGF2 and PD173074 on bovine CL secretory function in vitro. Cows were treated by injection into the CL with: (1) saline (control), (2) FGF2, (3) PD173074, (4) FGF2 followed by intramuscular (i.m.) PGF2α, (5) PD173074 followed by i.m. PGF2α and (6) i.m. PGF2α as a positive control. For in vitro experiments, CL explants were treated with the aforementioned factors. Progesterone (P4) concentrations of blood samples or culture media were determined by radioimmunoassay. Relative mRNA expressions of the genes involved in angiogenesis and steroidogenesis were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Although FGF2 treatment on day 4 of the estrous cycle did not change the cycle length, FGF2 with PGF2α decreased the P4 concentrations observed during the estrous cycle compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Moreover, FGF2 treatment on day 10 prolonged CL function as indicated by a significantly greater concentration of P4 on day 21 compared to the control group. In the in vitro study, FGF2 decreased cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily A member 1 (CYP11A1) and hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B1) mRNA expression (P < 0.01) and decreased P4 production in the early-stage CL (P < 0.001). However, FGF2 + PGF2α or PGF2α alone resulted in an elevation of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and CYP11A1 mRNA expression and P4 secretion in the early-stage CL (P < 0.01). In the mid-luteal phase, FGF2 upregulated CYP11A1 and HSD3B1 mRNA expression (P < 0.01), while FGF2 + PGF2α increased only HSD3B1 mRNA expression (P < 0.001). In conclusion, FGF2 seems to play a modulatory role in CL development or luteolysis, differentially regulating steroidogenesis and angiogenic factors as well as PGF2α actions. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


K K Piotrowska-Tomala, A W Jonczyk, P Kordowitzki, B M Jalali, D J Skarzynski. The effect of basic fibroblast growth factor 2 on the bovine corpus luteum depends on the stage of the estrous cycle and modulates prostaglandin F2α action. Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience. 2021 Jan;15(1):100048

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PMID: 33516003

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