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Breast cancer is the most common cancer and leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide. Exonuclease 1 (EXO1), a protein with 5' to 3' exonuclease and RNase H activity, could be involved in mismatch repair and recombination. This study aims to investigate the prognostic value of EXO1 in breast cancer and explore the association between EXO1 expression and breast carcinogenesis. The data of 1,215 breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA) samples were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) further verified the elevated mRNA expression level of EXO1 in human BRCA cells MDA-MB231 compared with that in human breast epithelial cells MCF-10A. EXO1 copy number was proved to be correlated with its expression level. Besides, Kaplan-Meier analysis, differentially expressed genes and function enrichment analysis were performed. Analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) revealed that the EXO1 expression level in breast cancer tissues was significantly increased. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) supported the elevated mRNA expression level of EXO1 in human breast cancer cells MDA-MB231 compared with that in human breast epithelial cells MCF-10A. EXO1 copy number was shown to be correlated with its expression level. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that elevated EXO1 was an indicator of poor breast cancer prognosis. Furthermore, differentially expressed genes and function enrichment analysis indicated that the cell cycle pathway and cardiac muscle contraction pathway were activated and inhibited respectively in breast cancer samples with high EXO1 expression. Therefore, this study shows that elevated EXO1 expression is associated with carcinogenesis and poor prognosis in breast cancer, and might be a biomarker for breast cancer treatment. 2021 Annals of Translational Medicine. All rights reserved.

Citation

Jingjing Liu, Jin Zhang. Elevated EXO1 expression is associated with breast carcinogenesis and poor prognosis. Annals of translational medicine. 2021 Jan;9(2):135


PMID: 33569437

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