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    The anti-inflammatory effect of an α7nAChR agonist, PNU-282987, has previously been explored in the context of inflammatory disease. However, the effects of PNU-282987 on type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s)-mediated allergic airway inflammation has not yet been established. To determine the effects of PNU-282987 on the function of ILC2s in the context of IL-33- or Alternaria Alternata (AA)- induced airway inflammation. PNU-282987 was administered to mice that received recombinant IL-33 or AA intranasal challenges. Lung histological analysis and flow cytometry were performed to determine airway inflammation and the infiltration and activation of ILC2s. The previously published α7nAChR agonist GTS-21 was employed as a comparable reagent. ILC2s were isolated from murine lung tissue and cultured in vitro in the presence of IL-33, IL-2, and IL-7 with/without either PNU-282987 or GTS-21. The expression of the transcription factors GATA3, IKK, and NF-κB were also determined. PNU-282987 and GTS-21 significantly reduced goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway, eosinophil infiltration, and ILC2s numbers in BALF, following IL-33 or AA challenge. In vitro IL-33 stimulation of isolated lung ILC2s showed a reduction of GATA3 and Ki67 in response to PNU-282987 or GTS-21 treatments. There was a significant reduction in IKK and NF-κB phosphorylation in the PNU-282987-treated group when compared to the GTS-21-treated ILC2s. PNU-282987 inhibits ILC2-associated airway inflammation, where its effects were comparable to that of GTS-21. Copyright © 2021 Yuan, Jiang, Li, Sokulsky, Wanyan, Wang, Liu, Zhou, Tay, Zhang, Yang and Li.

    Citation

    Fang Yuan, Lili Jiang, Qianyang Li, Leon Sokulsky, Yuanyuan Wanyan, Lingli Wang, Xiaojie Liu, Lujia Zhou, Hock L Tay, Guojun Zhang, Ming Yang, Fuguang Li. A Selective α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Agonist, PNU-282987, Attenuates ILC2s Activation and Alternaria-Induced Airway Inflammation. Frontiers in immunology. 2020;11:598165

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    PMID: 33597946

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