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    In the present study, we investigated the vasorelaxant effects of alogliptin, an oral antidiabetic drug in the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class, using phenylephrine (Phe)-induced pre-contracted aortic rings. Alogliptin induced vasorelaxation in a dose-dependent manner. Pre-treatment with the voltage-dependent K+ (Kv) channel inhibitor 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) significantly decreased the vasorelaxant effect of alogliptin, whereas pre-treatment with the inwardly rectifying K+ (Kir) channel inhibitor Ba2+, ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel inhibitor glibenclamide, and large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channel inhibitor paxilline did not alter the effects of alogliptin. Although pre-treatment with the Ca2+ channel inhibitor nifedipine did not affect the vasorelaxant effect of alogliptin, pre-treatment with the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) pump inhibitors thapsigargin and cyclopiazonic acid effectively attenuated the vasorelaxant response of alogliptin. Neither cGMP/protein kinase G (PKG)-related signaling pathway inhibitors (guanylyl cyclase inhibitor ODQ and PKG inhibitor KT 5823) nor cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA)-related signaling pathway inhibitors (adenylyl cyclase inhibitor SQ 22536 and PKA inhibitor KT 5720) reduced the vasorelaxant effect of alogliptin. Similarly, the vasorelaxant effect of alogliptin was not changed by endothelium removal or pre-treatment with the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor L-NAME or the small- and intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SKCa and IKCa) channel inhibitors apamin and TRAM-34. Based on these results, we suggest that alogliptin induced vasorelaxation in rabbit aortic smooth muscle by activating Kv channels and the SERCA pump independent of other K+ channels, cGMP/PKG-related or cAMP/PKA-related signaling pathways, and the endothelium. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Hee Seok Jung, Mi Seon Seo, Jin Ryeol An, Ryeon Heo, Minji Kang, Eun-Taek Han, Hongzoo Park, Geehyun Song, Youn Kyoung Son, Won-Kyo Jung, Il-Whan Choi, Sung Hun Na, Won Sun Park. The anti-diabetic drug alogliptin induces vasorelaxation via activation of Kv channels and SERCA pumps. European journal of pharmacology. 2021 May 05;898:173991

    PMID: 33684451

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