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Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common causes of disability. Neural stem cells (NSCs) from the cochlear nuclei have been considered to be a potential direction for the treatment of SNHL. Neuregulin 1 (NRG1)/ErbB2 signaling displays an essential role in nervous system development. In this study, we aimed to explore the roles of NRG1/ErbB2 in differentiation and apoptosis of cochlear nuclei NSCs. The data showed that the expression of NGR1 and ErbB2 in cochlear nuclei NSCs isolated from rats were increased with the age of rats. NRG1 treatment reduced the nestin-positive cells number, increased the MAP2-positive and GFAP-positive cells number, decreased the expression of cleaved-caspase-3, and increased the activation of PI3K/AKT. ErbB2 knockdown by lentiviral-mediated ErbB2 shRNA infection reversed the effect of NRG1 on cochlear nuclei NSCs. LY294002 administration further enhanced the effect of ErbB2 silencing on the expression of nestin, MAP2, GFAP and cleaved-caspase-3. Taken together, NRG1/ErbB2 regulates differentiation and apoptosis of cochlear nucleus NSCs through PI3K/Akt pathway. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Fei Lu, Li Wei, Chun Yang, Yan Qiao, Yong-Shou Liu, Xiao-Dong Chen, Jian Wang, Zhao-Hui Shi, Fu-Quan Chen, Ding-Jun Zha, Tao Xue. Nrg1/ErbB2 regulates differentiation and apoptosis of neural stem cells in the cochlear nucleus through PI3K/Akt pathway. Neuroscience letters. 2021 Apr 23;751:135803

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PMID: 33705930

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