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    Organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) plays an important role in the disposition of various anionic drugs which impacts the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the therapeutics, thus influencing the pharmacological effects and toxicity of the drugs. In this study, we investigated the effect of insulin on the regulation of OAT3 function, expression, and SUMOylation. We demonstrated that insulin induced an increase in OAT3 transport activity through a dose- and time-dependent manner in COS-7 cells. The insulin-induced elevation in OAT3 function was blocked by PKA inhibitor H89, which correlated well with OAT3 protein expression. Moreover, both PKA activator Bt2-cAMP-induced increase and insulin-induced increase in OAT3 function were blocked by PKB inhibitor AKTi1/2. To further investigate the involvement of SUMOylation, we treated OAT3-expressing cells with insulin in presence or absence of H89 or AKTi1/2 followed by examining OAT3 SUMOylation. We showed that insulin enhanced OAT3 SUMOylation, and such enhancement was abrogated by H89 and AKTi1/2. Lastly, insulin increased OAT3 function and SUMOylation in rat kidney slice. In conclusion, our investigations demonstrated that insulin regulated OAT3 function, expression, and SUMOylation through PKA/PKB signaling pathway. Graphical abstract.


    Jinghui Zhang, Guofeng You. Peptide Hormone Insulin Regulates Function, Expression, and SUMOylation of Organic Anion Transporter 3. The AAPS journal. 2021 Mar 11;23(2):41

    PMID: 33709304

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