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    Effects of acid hydrolysis on amylose molecular structures and their relations to starch gelatinization properties were investigated. First-order kinetics models were applied to fit the evolution curve of starch chain-length and molecular size by acid hydrolysis treatment. Results showed that a single hydrolysis phase was involved in the degradation of waxy maize starch chains, while two distinct phases existed for the degradation of maize, high amylose maize and sago starch chains. The fast hydrolysis phase involved degradation of amylose chains with DP > ~300 and amylopectin long intra-cluster branches, while amylose chains with DP < ~300 was involved in the slow hydrolysis phase. Amylose molecules with DP ~ 300 were proposed to impact starch gelatinization properties by interaction with cut-off amylopectin double helices and formation of amylose crystallites/entanglements. This study could help food industry precisely control amylose molecular structures by acid hydrolysis treatment to develop starchy foods with desirable properties. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Cheng Li, Yiming Hu. Effects of acid hydrolysis on the evolution of starch fine molecular structures and gelatinization properties. Food chemistry. 2021 Aug 15;353:129449

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    PMID: 33714112

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