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Ileal J-pouch anal anastomosis (J-IPAA) is the standard approach for patients requiring restorative proctocolectomy due to familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or ulcerative colitis (UC). To obviate the risk of a J-tip leak, we modified the J-pouch with a D-pouch anal anastomosis (D-IPAA) designed to eliminate the ileal stump. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety and medium-term functional outcomes of D-IPAA. A retrospective comparison was made between D-IPAA and J-IPAA constructions after a restorative proctocolectomy. Clinical data were collated between October 2014-March 2018 recording operation duration, pouch construction time, pouch volume, intraoperative estimated blood loss, complication rates, readmissions and cumulative length of hospitalization. Continence was assessed at the final visit with the Wexner Cleveland Clinic Score along with the Cleveland Global Quality of Life (CGQL) scale. A total of 97 patients with FAP (n = 28) and UC (n = 69) who had J-IPAA (n = 54) or D-IPAA (n = 43) after proctocolectomy were identified. Patients were well matched with no differences noted in the intraoperative variables between the J- and D-pouch groups. The D-pouch construction time was shorter than that for a standard J-pouch. There was no difference in major or minor complications between groups. A pouch leak developed in each group: a cutaneous fistula from J tip leak in the J-IPAA group and a pouch-vaginal fistula from the IPAA the D-IPAA group. Clinical outcomes (the number of bowel movements) were equivalent in the two groups with the Wexner score significantly improving within each group up to 2.5 years and with improvement in the CGQL after surgery. The D-pouch construction is safe and feasible for patients with UC and FAP with good functional outcome over the medium term and the potential to reduce the risk of pouch leaks.

Citation

Y Zhang, H Hu, C Jiang, Q Qian, Z Ding. D-pouch: a modified ileal J-pouch for patients with ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. Techniques in coloproctology. 2021 Apr 07


PMID: 33826024

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