Correlation Engine 2.0
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  • cell growth (1)
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  • Nse2 (2)
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  • Nse6 (3)
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  • regulates dna repair (1)
  • Smc5 (8)
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    Structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) complexes are critical chromatin modulators. In eukaryotes, the cohesin and condensin SMC complexes organize chromatin, while the Smc5/6 complex directly regulates DNA replication and repair. The molecular basis for the distinct functions of Smc5/6 is poorly understood. Here, we report an integrative structural study of the budding yeast Smc5/6 holo-complex using electron microscopy, cross-linking mass spectrometry, and computational modeling. We show that the Smc5/6 complex possesses several unique features, while sharing some architectural characteristics with other SMC complexes. In contrast to arm-folded structures of cohesin and condensin, Smc5 and Smc6 arm regions do not fold back on themselves. Instead, these long filamentous regions interact with subunits uniquely acquired by the Smc5/6 complex, namely the Nse2 SUMO ligase and the Nse5/Nse6 subcomplex, with the latter also serving as a linchpin connecting distal parts of the complex. Our 3.0-Å resolution cryoelectron microscopy structure of the Nse5/Nse6 core further reveals a clasped-hand topology and a dimeric interface important for cell growth. Finally, we provide evidence that Nse5/Nse6 uses its SUMO-binding motifs to contribute to Nse2-mediated sumoylation. Collectively, our integrative study identifies distinct structural features of the Smc5/6 complex and functional cooperation among its coevolved unique subunits.


    You Yu, Shibai Li, Zheng Ser, Tanmoy Sanyal, Koyi Choi, Bingbing Wan, Huihui Kuang, Andrej Sali, Alex Kentsis, Dinshaw J Patel, Xiaolan Zhao. Integrative analysis reveals unique structural and functional features of the Smc5/6 complex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021 May 11;118(19)

    PMID: 33941673

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