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    Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis to deteriorate heart function. Thus, how to inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis is the focus of recent researches. Proteasome family member PSMB4 (proteasome subunit beta type-4) promotes cell survival. The relationship between PSMB4 and cardiomyocyte apoptosis during myocardial I/R is unknown. In this study, PSMB4 expression increased in rat myocardial I/R model, positively correlated with cleaved caspase-3 expression, negatively correlated with Bcl-2 expression. In vitro, neonatal ventricle cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was constructed to mimic myocardial I/R. PSMB4 silence promoted cardiomyocyte apoptosis and IκBα expression, inhibited the activation of NF-κB. On the contrary, PSMB4 overexpession inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis and IκBα expression, promoted the activation of NF-κB. Additionally, PSMB4-IκBα interaction was identified, suggesting that PSMB4 might participate in the proteasome dependent degradation of IκBα. The data indicates that PSMB4 inhibits cardiomyocyte apoptosis via activating NF-κB signaling pathway during myocardial I/R, which can supply novel molecular target for the treatment of ischemic heart disease. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

    Citation

    Chen Yang, Pengyi Yu, Fangfang Yang, Qian He, Bo Jiang, Liang Zheng, Qianyun Wang, Jun Wang, Hui Qiu, Hui Wang, Lei Zhang. PSMB4 inhibits cardiomyocyte apoptosis via activating NF-κB signaling pathway during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Journal of molecular histology. 2021 Aug;52(4):693-703


    PMID: 33954843

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