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    Present study investigated the effect of sand, pan and microwave roasting on physico-chemical, functional and rheological properties of yellow (YW), purple (PW), and black wheat (BW). All roasting methods enhanced the browning index (BI), water absorption capacity (WAC) and oil absorption capacity (OAC) roasted wheat flour. Microwave roasting showed significantly higher impact on BI (58.61% for YW, 131% for BW and 83.85% for PW) and WAC (47.93% for YW, 44.63% for BW and 32.09% for PW). However, the decrease in density, emulsifying capacity (EC), foaming capacity (FC), total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and total anthocyanin content (TAC), and antioxidant activity was observed on roasted wheat flour. Roasting also affected the pasting properties of wheat flours and peak, trough, breakdown and final viscosity decreased. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Subhamoy Dhua, Ankan Kheto, Vijay Singh Sharanagat, Lochan Singh, Kshitiz Kumar, Prabhat K Nema. Quality characteristics of sand, pan and microwave roasted pigmented wheat (Triticum aestivum). Food chemistry. 2021 Dec 15;365:130372

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    PMID: 34218111

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