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Angiogenesis facilitates the formation of microvascular networks and promotes neurological deficit recovery after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI). This study investigated the angiogenesis effects of 4-methoxy benzyl alcohol (4-MA) on CIRI. The angiogenesis effects of 4-MA and the potential underlying mechanisms were assessed based on a middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) rat model and a hind limb ischemic (HLI) mouse model. Immunofluorescence was conducted to detect microvessel density, and Western blotting and polymerase chain reaction were performed to determine the expression of angiogenesis-promoting factors. In addition, we investigated whether the angiogenesis effects of 4-MA caused damage to the blood-brain barrier (BBB). After treatment with 4-MA (20 mg/kg) for 7 days, the neurological deficits recovered and microvessel density in the cerebral cortex increased in the MCAO/R rats. Additionally, 4-MA also regulated the expression of angiogenesis factors, with an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) expression and a decrease in angiopoietin 1 (Ang-1), Ang-2, and Tie-2 expression in both MCAO/R rats and HLI mice. Moreover, 4-MA increased the expression of angiogenesis-promoting factors without exacerbating BBB cascade damage in MCAO/R rats. Our results indicated that 4-MA may contribute to the formation of microvascular networks, thus promoting neurological deficit recovery after CIRI.


Fangyan He, Chenjing Ma, Jin Feng, Xiufang Li, Shuangli Xia, Qing Lin, Rong Dai. Angiogenesis effects of 4-methoxy benzyl alcohol on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via regulation of VEGF-Ang/Tie2 balance. Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology. 2021 Dec;99(12):1253-1263

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PMID: 34283928

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