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There are currently no vaccines or effective drugs to prevent the disorders caused by avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J). Hence, it is critical to identify potential biomarkers in ALV-J-infected chickens to prevent ALV-J-induced disorders. We hypothesized that ALV-J infection alters metabolic profile in chickens. In the present study, a nontargeted metabolomics approach based on liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was used to find differential metabolites in plasma samples from ALV-J-infected chickens and healthy controls. The parametric statistical test (Student's t-test) and fold change analysis were used for univariate analysis. Multivariate statistical analyses included principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The levels of methyl bromide, pyraclonil, hexaflumuron, lythidathion, 3-phosphoglycerol-glutathione, bis-4-nitrophenyl phosphate, 4-ketocyclophosphamide, oxidized photinus luciferin, phenyl sulfate, and aryl sulfate significantly decreased, whereas the levels of 2-methylthiobenzothiazole, irinotecan, methadone, 3-o-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid, and o-acetylneuraminic acid markedly increased in ALV-J-infected chickens as compared to those in healthy controls. These data provide metabolic evidence and potential biomarkers for ALV-J-induced alterations in plasma metabolism. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Yuan Chen, Hong-Wei Li, Feng Cong, Yue-Xiao Lian. Metabolomics profiling for identification of potential biomarkers in chickens infected with avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J). Research in veterinary science. 2021 Oct;139:166-171

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PMID: 34332419

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