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High pressure processing (HPP) is a promising non-thermal processing method for food production. However, extremely high pressure and temperature are often required to achieve spores inactivation and commercial sterilization using HPP. In this study, the combined treatment of HPP, moderate temperature, and peptidoglycan fragments (PGF) for spore inactivation was investigated. The combined treatment of 200 MPa and 1 mg/mL PGF at 80 °C for 20 min resulted in 8.6 log inactivation of Bacillus subtilis 168 and more than 5 log reductions of Clostridium sporogenes PA3679 spores, respectively. A strong synergistic effect on spore inactivation among HPP, PGF, and temperature was observed. By comparing the effect of the treatment on the fluidity of the inner membrane and structural change of spores using fluorescence assay, a probable inactivation mechanism was proposed. It was concluded that the spores were firstly triggered to enter the Stage I of the germination process by HPP and PGF, and then immediately inactivated by the mild heat. This novel processing method could be an alternative to ensure commercial sterilization in the food industry. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Dong Liang, Xu Wang, Xiaomeng Wu, Xiaojun Liao, Fang Chen, Xiaosong Hu. The effect of high pressure combined with moderate temperature and peptidoglycan fragments on spore inactivation. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2021 Oct;148:110615

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PMID: 34507759

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