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Deca-brominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209) is a common flame retardant utilized in electronic products, textiles, furniture, and upholstery materials. Environmental BDE-209 exposure results in spermatogenesis disorder, because of the characteristics of bioaccumulation, persistence, and probably toxicity. Meiotic prophase I is a crucial phase during spermatogenesis which is a key influential factor of normal sperm production. However, the effects of BDE-209 on meiotic prophase I during spermatogenesis are poorly understood. The present study aimed to evaluate whether BDE-209 exposure impairs meiotic prophase I during spermatogenesis of spermatocytes. We validated the effects of BDE-209 on alternations of meiotic prophase I in Balb/c male mice. Firstly, we analyzed sperm quality in cauda epididymis with decreasing sperm count, increasing abnormal sperm, and male reproductive dysfunction after exposure to BDE-209. Then, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in testis and GC-2spd cells were significant increased after treated with BDE-209. Furthermore, we found that meiotic prophase I arrest at early-pachytene stage during spermatogenesis with increasing of DSBs damage and trimethylated histone H3 at lysine-4 (H3K4me3) in spermatocytes exposed to BDE-209. Finally, we conducted homologous recombination (HR) analyses to identify the progression of meiosis. The recombination markers, including DMC1 and RAD51, and crossover marker MLH1 were decreased during spermatogenesis after exposure to BDE-209. Collectively, our data indicated that BDE-209 has detrimental impacts on meiotic prophase I of spermatocytes in mice. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Jinxia Zhai, Wenfeng Geng, Taifa Zhang, Yu Wei, Huan He, Wenjing Chen. BDE-209 induce spermatocytes arrest at early-pachytene stage during meiotic prophase I in mice. Toxicology. 2022 Feb 15;467:153061

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PMID: 34936917

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